In Paris, Enescu got to know Merri Franquin (1848-1934), professor of the trumpet at the Conservatoire from 1894 to 1925, and even worked with Franquin's trumpet class. This collaboration led to his composing two pieces in late 1906, finishing them both on December 19. One of them, the Legende pour trompette et piano, written for the annual conservatory competition, is now regarded as one of the small masterpieces of the solo trumpet repertoire. The otherwork is the present nocturne. The premiere was not given until April 21,1910, when it was performed by a trumpet quartet in the first concert of the Mozart Society (whose president was Gabriel Fauré) in the Salle Pleyel in Paris, together with other works by Faure, Alfredo Casella, Alfred Bruneau and Paul Dupin. At this performance it was called a "Poem for 4 Trumpets". Notes on Performance Enescu apparently conceived the work for multiple trumpets, since his specifications of the four trumpets in the plural at the beginning of the score and his indications of diuisi in the inner parts are unequivocal. Because of intonation diffculties, the piece would probably be better performed by a large number of trumpets instead of, say, only eight. However it can also be performed without loss of substance by only four trumpets, following the tradition established by the first performance in Paris mentioned above.